Green Ammonia

Is Green Ammonia The Future? Green ammonia’s potential energy storage capabilities and role as a carbon-neutral fertiliser, carbon-neutral fuel, and hydrogen carrier means it offers vast opportunities for business investment and expansion. Green ammonia is regular ammonia (NH3) but produced using a 100% renewable process. This makes the entire production process a net-zero emissions process and could save up to 40 million tonnes of CO2 emissions each year in Europe alone and potentially more than 360 million tonnes globally.

The Production Process

Green ammonia is produced with a 100% carbon-neutral process. It is produced using hydrogen from water electrolysis that is powered by a renewable energy source (usually wind or solar). Nitrogen is claimed from the air using an air separation unit. Green ammonia is then synthesised by the use of the Haber or Haber-Bosch process which is again, powered solely by a renewable energy source. The Haber process for green ammonia is a clean combustion process and reacts nitrogen and hydrogen together in a high temperature and high-pressure chamber with an iron catalyst at around 450°C and 200 bar. These conditions create NH3 (ammonia) but are powered entirely by clean and renewable energy and emit zero carbon emissions, unlike the standard ammonia production process.

However, currently green ammonia production costs about $500 per metric ton to produce which is two to three times that of normal ammonia or synthetic ammonia, which is produced using natural gas.

Source: Yara Website, Green ammonia – carbon neutral fertiliser production, 2021



Green Ammonia Uses

Green ammonia is a multi-purpose, highly flexible asset that has a broad range of uses which makes it so valuable.

Market Watch

Adjacent Industries
These are some adjacent industry users:
Energy Storage
Market Players
Some of the main market players include:
MAN Energy Solutions
ITM Power
NEL Hydrogen Solutions
Yara International
Haldor Topsoe



6 countries that have made some large steps in Green Ammonia include:

Within India, ACME is set to launch its first renewable hydrogen and ammonia “semi-commercial” plant in Rajasthan state by July-August. There is an onsite solar farm of 4-5 MW and the plant will have the capacity to produce 5 mt/day of renewable hydrogen and/or ammonia.
The HEVO Ammonia Morocco project, Morocco’s largest announced green hydrogen and green ammonia project to date has been unveiled. The project will be jointly developed by Fusion Fuel Green, a green hydrogen technology company, and Consolidated Contractors Group S.A.L. In addition, Vitol is expected to manage the off-take of the green ammonia. The project is expected to begin in 2022, but once finished it is anticipated to produce 183000 tonnes per year of green ammonia and prevent 280 000 tonnes per year of CO2 being emitted.
Germany is looking to use green ammonia as a hydrogen carrier and as a clean-burning fuel for industry, part of its effort to make Europe’s biggest economy climate-neutral by 2050. In detail the Government aim to invest €9 billion ($10.5 billion) on building up hydrogen as a green fuel and green ammonia.
United Arab Emirates
The UAE is investing heavily in green fuels as part of the energy transition. The UAE is to build a $1 billion green ammonia facility as part of this effort. The UAE’s Khalifa Industrial Zone Abu Dhabi or KIZAD has announced plans to build a $1 billion green ammonia facility. This facility is for both regional and international markets and as OPEC’s third-largest oil producer this is a massive step in the energy transition. The plant is expected to produce 200 000 MT of green ammonia and to be powered by a 800 MW solar plant.
Saudi Arabia
Air Products, ACWA Power, and NEOM announced a $5 billion green ammonia plant in Saudi Arabia. This plant is expected to be operational by 2025. This mega-development is projected to have the capacity to produce 1.2 million tonnes of green ammonia per year and to be powered by 4GW of renewable energy.
New market research around the global green ammonia industry estimates that the market size will increase to $852 million by 2030 from $11 million in 2020, at a CAGR of 54.9% during 2020 to 2030. The increasing investments in green ammonia and large scale developments around the world make a very positive outlook for the market over the next decade.


Explore the questions we can answer for you:

Investment Opportunties in Green Ammonia
Green Ammonias Role in The Hydrogen Industry
Adjacent Markets Linked to the Maritime Energy Transition
The Energy Stroage Abiltiies of Green Ammonia

Next-Generation Ammonia Synthesis Plants
Regulations and Policy
Retrofit Packages for Rebuilding Existing Maritime Vessels
Production Technology and Future Capabilities

Investment Considerations

Despite the huge benefits and opportunities green ammonia offers, there are still a variety of considerations to take into account when looking at its future.

The Impact Of The Information

More Confident Investment Decision Making
Expect to make truly informed, risk-reduced decisions. 100% of our clients believe our platform has enabled them to “increase the speed of their early-stage research into new areas.”

Industry Insights On Demand – in as little as 48 hours
You can access subject matter experts from anywhere in the world, whenever you need them. When technical challenges or commercial projects arise which need specific results, you can obtain valuable consulting recommendations from vetted Experts.

Commercially Effective Research
Your research capacity and capabilities are augmented through Pangea SI Experts – there is no need for hefty strategy/management consultancy retainers and you can forego the process of having to hire someone full time.


Using Pangea’s consulting platform to propel your results:


A Knowledge Gap Is Identified

Clients notify us that they need leading insight for their project.


Pangea SI Sources and Vets Experts

We engage and vet subject matter Experts matched to the request at speed.


Consultation Takes Place

Clients consult with their shortlisted Expert(s) and obtain forward knowledge to incorporate into their strategic plans.


Better Results Faster

Clients benefit from more refined analysis and practical recommendations to achieve a quantifiable business impact.



Tell us a bit about your research needs and the topic you are exploring and we can send you a customised shortlist of experts from our network for free.  


Provide your details so we can match you to suitable consulting projects.


Provide us with a few details so we can assist you with your enquiry.


Sign up to our newsletter for exclusive Pangea SI updates...


Learn more about what we do by reading our fact sheet.


Your Preferences

Simply share your project details and we'll send you a customised shortlist of experts from our network for you to see for free.  


Let us know what type of experts you need - we'll send you a shortlist.


Do not miss out. Subscribe to get our latest energy transition news and insights.


Fill in your details so that we can send you a copy of our fact sheet.


Input your details to get exclusive Pangea SI updates


Information challenge?


Your Information Needs


Get started by telling us what you need.

Our research platform improves due diligence and strategy execution for those seeking more valuable results. Access our global network of experts to get insights to advise you on the best way forward.

It is simple - start by telling us what you need.


Request To Speak To An Expert


Access contextualised Expert insight in 48 Hours


Request To Speak To This Expert


Get matched to suitable consulting projects...